Can I get pregnant with menopause?
This period is characterized by the gradual extinction of the female fertility function. When the ovaries stop forming eggs, conception becomes impossible.
However, the period of menopause lasts for several years, so the probability of becoming pregnant with a woman can be maintained.
How long do women still have the opportunity to become pregnant?
A woman’s body is capable of reproductive function as long as the ovaries produce a follicle that serves as an incubator for the germ cell.
During its maturation, progesterone and estrogen are actively produced, preparing the uterus for the adoption of a fertilized egg.
The climacteric period is accompanied by a decrease in the activity of the processes necessary for reproduction. For women, menopause comes at different ages, but, as a rule, its beginning falls on 45-50 years.
The following processes are characteristic of the woman’s body at this time:
- hormonal secretion slows down;
- the number of follicles is reduced;
- the functioning of the ovaries weakens, which leads to a decrease in the rate of production of germ cells.
Can I get pregnant with menopause? The final result of this period is the absence of the possibility of the birth of a new life. However, menopause lasts for years, and the extinction of reproductive function occurs gradually.
For example, if a woman began at the age of 50, then the loss of the ability to conceive a child can only happen at the age of 60-65. In the interval between these periods, the probability of pregnancy is still there.
Can I get pregnant during menopause?
With the onset of the climacteric stage, female hormones change, as a result of which the production of estrogen and progesterone is reduced, which makes it possible to become pregnant.
Can I get pregnant with menopause? Fertilization is possible during menopause – this is confirmed by medical facts. Initially, the female body contains about 300-400 thousand eggs, and by the age of 50 there are only about 1000, so the probability of pregnancy is low.
Also, the chances that the eggs reach the desired maturity for fertilization are also not great.
Can I get pregnant during menopause? Despite the absence of menstruation and other circumstances, it is likely that conception at this time will come.
This fact is due to the lack of contraception because most women stop protecting themselves after 40-45 years. However, you can become pregnant with a postmenopausal disease – within 1-2 years after the cessation of menstruation.
Pregnancy after menopause
The final stage of menopause is postmenopause. At this time, the woman’s body performs hormonal changes; the ovaries complete their work.
Postmenopause can last for 10 years while losing the ability to conceive a child. Nevertheless, there is a method of artificial stimulation of the ovaries, due to which a woman can become pregnant after menopause.
The procedure of artificial stimulation of the ovaries can give a positive result, but doctors forbid this technique to patients whose health condition is far from ideal or at the risk of having a baby with hereditary pathologies.
With age, the risk of having a baby with developmental disabilities is high due to the ongoing chromosomal changes.
An alternative way to get pregnant can serve as IVF with the donor’s egg because even in the absence of a monthly cycle, the female body is capable of carrying a fetus.
How is pregnancy during menopause?
The question “is it possible to get pregnant during menopause?” Is revealed, but pregnancy during this period is different from the usual one.
Even if a mature woman managed to conceive a child, she is unlikely to be able to identify early signs. New physiological, psychological sensations from menopause drown out the symptoms.
Irregular periods, their delay, frequent headaches, dizziness, the ineffectiveness of pregnancy tests can be confusing. With premenopause, fuzzy signs of pregnancy are observed, which complicates the timely determination of conception.
It is believed that getting pregnant with menopause is dangerous, which is caused by such factors:
- there is a high risk of having a baby with mental/physical disabilities;
- abortion can cause complications and the development of severe infectious pathologies;
- malfunction of certain organs, including the kidneys and the urogenital system;
- the withering female body begins to give most of the strength to the fetus, and the child still does not receive enough nutrients;
- a woman quickly destroys bone tissue;
- Despite pregnancy, menopause continues, and this weakens the female body even more.
At 45 years old with early menopause
Doctors say that it is more likely to become pregnant with menopause at an early stage. However, there are many risks to the health of the mother and baby.
To reduce the likelihood of insufficient development of the fetus, modern gynecology uses various techniques, so that the number of women wishing to give birth after 45 years old has begun to increase.
It is easier to have a pregnancy for those who give birth again at such a late age.
Doctors advise patients to think carefully about their decision, since gestation and delivery after 45 years, usually with different complications. Before you get pregnant, you must pass the complete diagnosis.
If you decide to give birth at the stage of early menopause, you should be prepared for such difficulties:
- After 40 years, the female body becomes vulnerable: diseases of the supporting, cardiovascular system appear, problems with pressure begin. It can lead to complications during pregnancy, which will affect not only the expectant mother but also the baby itself.
- The risk of developing diabetes and Down syndrome in a baby increases (the risk is approximately 3.3%).
- About half of the conceptions after 45 years have a miscarriage before the onset of week 20.
- A woman should take into account that after giving birth, she will have to be physically active for another 10-15 years to adequately take care of the baby.
In 50 years
During fertilization, the female body undergoes serious changes, which even young girls can hardly endure, and for 50-year-old women, this is even more stressful.
During menopause, all dormant chronic diseases manifest themselves, the probability of developing diabetes, hypertension, and pathologies of the musculoskeletal system increases.
After 50 years, atrophy of muscle tissue begins; as a result, the woman loses the ability to independently deliver, which makes it necessary to perform a cesarean section.
In addition, doctors talk about the high risk of rupture of the birth canal in women in labor for 50 years. In such a mature age, blood coagulation decreases – this often leads to umbilical cord thrombosis or intrauterine growth retardation.
Almost 100% of women who give birth after 50, experience depression.
It is also worth remembering that the child is in dire need of calcium, so the mother’s body must have sufficient reserves of this element, and the fifty-year-olds have very little of it even for themselves.
At this age, the functions of the kidneys weaken, the pelvic organs begin to fall.
Can I get pregnant with late menopause? Doctors believe: although there is a chance, it is better to refrain from such a decision.
What is pregnancy after artificial menopause?
Artificial menopause tactics are used in many pathologies that prevent pregnancy, for example, endometriosis, uterine myoma, tumors.
Through premature ovarian function, doctors have the opportunity to treat these diseases. In this case, the reproductive ability of the female body is restored within a few months.
To monitor the state of hormonal background, periodic examinations and laboratory tests are conducted. Planning a pregnancy is only after consulting a doctor.
Indications for abortion during menopause
It is impossible to answer the question of whether it is possible to get pregnant during menopause because doctors take into account not only the probability percentage but also medical indications.
Thus, by law, the doctor is entitled to advise the patient to have an abortion before the 22nd week of pregnancy. The reasons for this are the following factors:
- the woman’s life is threatened, or the fetus has serious abnormalities;
- the patient has a severe form of heart failure, diabetes, acute hypertensive crisis;
- the presence of one of the parents of a hereditary genetic disease;
- if a woman has been diagnosed with chronic kidney inflammation or severe liver dysfunction;
- the presence of deep deformation of the bones of the pelvis, as a result of which it narrowed;
- if the patient has found bazedovuy pathology, retinitis, malignant anemia, optic neuritis, severe corneal diseases;
- the presence of progressive dementia, breast cancer, prolonged lung disease in the future mother.