What is heroin?
Heroin is derived from opium, which was formerly known or commonly known as opium, which is what people call great tobacco and smoke soil. It originated from poppy plants. The plant blooms in summer, and the petals show off when they fall off.
Cut the shell of the fruit, white juice outflow, air oxidation, air-drying into a brown or black paste, that is, raw opium, raw opium can be made into big smoke by simple processing.
Heroin has great harm to human physical and mental health. Long-term smoking and injection of heroin can lead to depersonalization, psychological metamorphosis, and shortening of lifespan, especially for the nervous system.
The original heroin was used as a drug for abstinence from morphine and was found to have a stronger drug dependence than morphine, which is more addictive. Moreover, its addiction is the highest incidence and most significant harm to opioids.
Heroin has a different molecular formula due to its definition. Heroin is C21H23NO5, and heroin hydrochloride is C21H24ClNO5
How long does Heroin stay in the body?
up to 12 hours
Up to 90 days
Urine Blood Saliva Hair
How Long Does Heroin stay in Urine?
Heroin is detectable in a urine test for 3-4 days.
How Long Does Heroin Stay in the Blood?
A blood test will detect Heroin for up to 12 hours.
How Long Will Heroin Show Up in a Saliva Test?
A saliva test will detect Heroin from 1-10 days.
How Long Does Heroin Stay in Hair?
Heroin stays in hair up to 90 days.
Drug Testing For Heroin
Method # 1: HPLC chromatogram of morphine urine sample
The peaks are located at 2625 and 2500 cm-1, and the C-N bond is stretching vibrational absorption peak is located at 1250 cm-1, which coincides with the height of the C-O bond stretching vibration of the acetyl group.
If the heroin molecule contains crystal water, a weak spike usually appears at 3600~3100cm-1, which is absorbed by the stretching vibration of OH, and a weak broad peak seems at 1645~1615cm-1, which is the bending vibration absorption of OH.
Therefore, in the infrared spectrum of heroin, the weak peaks appearing at 3447, 3397, and 1627 cm-1 should belong to the stretching vibration absorption of O-H in the crystal water in the molecular structural formula of heroin.
Method # 2: Raman spectroscopy
The heroin standards have distinct Raman peaks at 286, 355, 454, 532, and 630 cm-1, especially Raman signals at 532 and 630 cm-1.
It is the Raman characteristic peak of heroin that can be used as a basis for determining whether the analyte is heroin.
However, the heroin test spectrum sampled by the customs often has only strong fluorescence signals, and there is no Raman characteristic peak of heroin.
This is mainly due to the strong fluorescence of the heroin dopant, which largely shields the Raman spectrum detection.
If Raman spectroscopy is used, there is often a weak characteristic Raman signal of heroin, indicating that micro Raman spectroscopy can reduce the interference of fluorescence on the detection.
What are the symptoms of heroin poisoning?
The most significant symptoms of heroin poisoning are
- needle-like pupils
- respiratory depression
This is called “triple disease.” Several minutes after the occurrence of a triad, the death can be caused without timely rescue. Heroin abuse not only causes severe
- reproductive and endocrine system
- low self-esteem
- emotional disorder
which is related to the number of drug users, drug abuse, abuse and relapse times.
How Long Does Heroin Stay In Your System?
What are the withdrawal symptoms of Heroin?
Physiological dependence is also called physical dependence. Repeated continuous use of drugs by heroin users causes the body to adapt. Once it is interrupted, it produces a series of intense withdrawal symptoms such as
- blowing nose
- abdominal pain
- bone and muscle soreness
after about 36 hours, the reaction increased, the body felt extremely cold, trembling, both feet involuntarily scurrying, rolling on the ground, incontinence, sometimes caught in the body, sometimes head against the wall, and sustainable for several days.
Later, the body fell into extreme weakness. In this process, symptoms such as fever and dehydration may occur, and severe cases may cause convulsions and respiratory failure until death.
What are the processes for eliminating heroin?
For drugs, everyone should expose their true colours, see through the nature of harming people, actively stay away from drugs, and what are the processes for eliminating heroin?
Detoxification is the only way to save drug users, so drug addicts should actively take detoxification measures to keep themselves away from drugs and away from harm. So, what are the processes for eliminating heroin? Let’s take a look at the expert’s answer together.
First, the detoxification stage:
What is the process of this heroin? Mainly using cold turkey method, gradient ringing heroin method, alternative detoxification therapy, other drug treatment methods to enable drug addicts to successfully pass the acute withdrawal reaction period, help solve physical withdrawal symptoms, and make drug use Those who can get rid of medications without physical pain. This phase usually takes 1 to 3 weeks or more.
Second, the rehabilitation stage:
The completion of detoxification is by no means the end of the treatment of heroin. In the conventional detoxification treatment, the role of the drug only eliminates the symptoms of physical withdrawal, and the methods of ringing heroin have psychological and neurological functions. The physical condition has not recovered, and the behaviour has not been corrected. These are the factors that lead to relapse. Therefore, there is a need to have a process to deal with protracted withdrawal symptoms, psychological and behavioural problems after detoxification. This process is the rehabilitation stage.
Third, nursing interventions
# 1 Mental Symptom Care
Those with the apparent personality disorder and abnormal personality will be monitored intensively to strengthen safety care.
Through psychological care such as persuasion, isolation, and diversion, avoid conflicts as much as possible, so that the emotions are stable.
If necessary, use restraint belts to restrain the bed, observe regularly, increase the amount of sedation and hypnosis, and take care to prevent falls and accidents.
#2 Sleep disorder care
Sleep disorders are one of the most unbearable symptoms of detoxification, often leading to anxiety, irritability, emotional impulses and agitation.
Some drug addicts have therefore shaken their determination to detoxify or use this as an excuse to clash with medical staff.
Nursing staff should promptly carry out sleep hygiene knowledge education, actively carry out individual psychological counselling, supervise and guide patients to establish a good sleep mode, encourage them to wake up and sleep at night, and alleviate or relieve the mental and physical tension caused by various relaxation training. Insomnia.
# 3 Psychological care
It is necessary to understand and always pay attention to the drug cravings that occur during the detoxification of drug addicts, and to teach drug addicts the knowledge of drug rehabilitation in a timely manner, to guide them to have a correct understanding of their own diseases, to face the reality, to encourage them to face life correctly, and to use them scientifically.
Supportive psychotherapy to help patients overcome negative emotions such as depression, inferiority, pessimism, self-blame, actively promote the healthy development of their personality, and fully mobilise the family care support system to reduce family discrimination and prejudice, and help to enhance the detoxification Confidence in disease.
Fourth, the follow-up care phase:
What are the processes for eliminating heroin? The follow-up care phase refers to the method of quitting heroin.
After returning to the society, a supervisory, supportive, and help system is established to provide follow-up care, to provide psychological, professional or vocational counselling and other support for the method of heroin.
And help so that they can adapt and integrate into normal social life as an average person. This phase takes 1 to 3 months or more.