How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your Blood?

Alcohol intoxication is an unnatural state of the body that occurs when drinking alcohol through their effects on the central nervous system. How much alcohol is kept in the blood depends on many reasons: the amount of alcohol consumed, the presence of chronic diseases, the length of alcohol consumption in large quantities, the weight of a person, the physical and mental state.

Degrees of intoxication

Sometimes it is necessary to know how much alcohol is kept in the blood until it disappears completely – for medics prescribing treatment, for taking tests for research, for car enthusiasts, for people who work in the social sphere or are involved in ensuring the safety of other people, and also for those who are in the field of hazardous industries.

Traditionally, there are several degrees of alcohol intoxication, which are determined by the volume and strength of alcohol consumed:

  • The first degree is a mild degree of intoxication. When the first degree of intoxication alcohol in the blood is about 2%.
  • The second degree – the average, at which the level of alcohol in the body reaches 4%.
  • The third degree is severe, in this state paralysis of the central vegetative centers, alcoholic cariomyomyopathy is possible; this degree can go into a coma, with such an extent, the level of alcohol in the blood reaches 6%.

The mechanism of action of alcoholic beverages

The effect of consumed alcoholic beverages includes several stages:

  • Stage one – consumption and absorption. During consumption, alcohol quickly reaches the gastrointestinal tract, then the duodenum is black and the fluid is absorbed into human blood. Absorption occurs in a shorter time if alcohol is consumed on an empty stomach.
  • Stage two – spreading through the body occurs through the liver, in which some of the alcoholic substances remain, the rest along with the blood enters the right half of the heart, after which the blood fluid spreads alcohol throughout the body. At this stage, the alcohol reaches the brain and then the symptoms of alcohol intoxication appear.

Common symptoms of intoxication:

  • high blood pressure;
  • liveliness of speech;
  • slackness;
  • emotional arousal;
  • expressiveness in the manifestation of actions and actions;
  • redness of the skin;
  • heart palpitations (heart tachycardia).

The combination of symptoms and the intensity of their manifestation depends on the individual characteristics of a person and the stage of his intoxication.

  • Stage three – removal of alcohol from the body. The longest stage in duration.

After how much alcohol is removed from the blood – the pace and speed of alcohol withdrawal from the body depends on the individual physical and mental characteristics of each person, meanwhile, the average rate of alcohol removal from the male body is considered to be within 0.10 to 0.15 ppm per hour, from 0.085 up to 0.10 ppm per hour in women, from the female body alcohol is eliminated from the blood much more slowly.

After how much time alcohol is completely removed from the blood – when drinking strong alcoholic beverages (from 40% alcohol content) the state of sobriety can be reached only after 20 hours, and the body is completely free from traces of alcohol only after 28 days.

Effect on blood

Drinking alcohol, regardless of its strength affects blood. First of all, its structure changes: during the intake of alcoholic beverages, the red blood cells (red blood cells) are deformed, turning into clots, which can speed up the process of thrombus formation.

Alcohol penetrates into all internal organs and has an irreversible effect on their functioning. Some substances obtained after the breakdown of ethyl alcohol tend to accumulate and remain in the body forever.

The time tables for the removal of alcohol from the blood, containing information about the time of the release of alcohol from the body are quite diverse, but most of them are based on the same principles. How much alcohol is kept in the blood – the table is based on factors that influence the course of the process of removing alcohol from the blood: weight, gender, quantity and strength of alcoholic beverages consumed.

After how much alcohol comes out of the blood completely from a man and a woman, the tables represent the approximate time it takes the body to get rid of the products of processing alcoholic beverages.

Table removal of alcohol from the body

Types of treatment

Drug treatment is required for patients with moderate and severe intoxication. In such cases, in-patient gastric lavage is performed and intravenous medications are injected to reduce the intoxication of the whole body.

How to remove alcohol from the blood? It is rather difficult to influence the rate of withdrawal of alcohol molecules from the blood, but nevertheless drugs and folk remedies are used for these purposes.

If necessary, the rapid sobering of the body, the following recommendations will help:

  • The withdrawal of alcohol from the blood slows tea and coffee hot drinks, so during a feast with alcohol is not recommended to use them.
  • We recommend a single dose of activated charcoal tablets, which will reduce the level of intoxication of the body. Folk remedy – drink about a tablespoon of vegetable oil or eat a sandwich with butter.
  • During the feast try as much as possible to drink liquids, especially citrus juices.
  • The use of dairy products accelerates the process of ridding the body of alcohol. It is recommended to take a glass of milk every hour.
  • To sober up faster you need to take a cool shower or walk barefoot in the snow.

First aid for intoxication

All measures used should be aimed at increasing the rate of withdrawal of alcohol from the blood and from the whole body. First of all, first aid for intoxication, what needs to be done, you must take adsorbing drugs. After some time, you need to try to induce vomiting. In some particularly severe cases, a cleansing enema may be recommended. If a person is unconscious, then you must call an ambulance. Here is such a sweat first aid for intoxication should be given to a person who has detected alcohol in the analysis in the blood.

Methods for diagnosing intoxication

history data, since alcohol is quite clearly manifested in the behavioral aspect of the person who has drunk, then through observation it is possible to establish the fact of alcohol consumption;

blood test for the content of alcohol vapors in exhaled air;

conducting clinical studies of blood, saliva, urine.

Signs of alcohol in the blood

The presence of alcohol is noticeably manifested in a person’s condition, his behavior. So, signs of alcohol intoxication are:

  • the presence of alcohol odor from the mouth;
  • wobbly, unsteady gait;
  • cheeky or indistinct, slow speech;
  • aggressiveness or irritability;
  • clouding of consciousness;
  • rash acts;
  • inadequately cheerful mood.

After a time (which depends on the amount of alcohol consumed and strength), a person may begin to have headaches, dizziness, nausea or vomiting.

There are several stages of the effect of ethanol on the body:

  1. Suction process. When alcohol enters the human digestive organs, it begins to be absorbed in the mucous membranes. After a certain time (over 1 hour and 30 minutes), its amount in the human body increases, since it is absorbed during this period. This stage lasts from the start of drinking to the achievement of the highest level of alcohol in the blood.
  2. Stage of selection. It ranges from 8 to 13 hours depending on many factors. During this period, ethyl alcohol is actively excreted during urination, defecation. In addition, it is released through exhaled air, so after taking alcohol there is always an alcoholic smell from the mouth.
  3. Oxidation step. The alcohol concentration at this stage decreases as ethanol is oxidized and completely eliminated from the blood.

How to determine the presence of alcohol in the blood

The alcohol content is checked in the human body using the diagnosis:

  1. Breathalyzer. Based on a breath test. Ethanol is part of the mixture of exhaled gases. When a person exhales air, the test determines the alcohol concentration in ppm. This check is quick and affordable. Modern testers help to verify the presence of alcohol reliably and accurately.
  2. Blood test It is an accurate and very reliable method for diagnosing the presence of alcohol in the blood. However, to determine the results is not suitable blood from the finger. To find out the level of alcohol, you must pass the venous.
  3. Analysis of urine. It is considered the most simple method. The indispensable conditions for obtaining reliable data are the correct execution of the urine delivery procedure and the correct technique for conducting research by a laboratory technician.

These methods allow you to almost accurately determine whether a person has consumed alcohol and what is its concentration.

Factors that determine the rate of removal of alcohol

There are factors that influence the degree and speed of weathering of alcohol. In many ways, the speed of its removal from the blood depends on the state of human health.

An important factor is the body weight. Usually, if the weight of a person is small, then alcohol intoxication comes quickly.

When a person has a strong constitution and a lot of weight, intoxication occurs longer, and the rate of excretion increases.

The rate of weathering of alcohol depends on gender . In women, the body gets rid of alcoholic substances longer than in men.

A glass of vodka with a volume of 100 ml will disappear in a female face in 8-11 hours, while in a man the decay period is reduced to 7 hours. Cognac in women is neutralized in 7-8 hours, and in men – in 4 hours. The beer of the latter is weathered from the blood after 180 minutes, and for women, this time is increased by 120 minutes.

Other factors that affect the time alcohol is released from the blood include:

  • Drunk volume. A large dose lasts longer in the body than a small one.
  • The strength of an alcoholic beverage. The stronger the alcohol, the slower it will be displayed. For example, beer, a low-alcohol cocktail or wine disappears faster than vodka or brandy of the same volume.
  • The functioning of the organs. Processes alcoholic drinks liver, and only a little – excretory system. If a person has problems with these organs, then removal will take much longer. When the liver is functioning normally, the ethanol breakdown time is reduced.
  • The composition of the blood. This factor also affects the period of release of the alcoholic beverage from the body.
  • The use of snacks. If a person has a normal snack or has a good meal before taking a drink, the absorption of alcohol slows down.

How much ethanol is kept in the blood

The table, which includes the person’s weight, the amount of the drink, and his strength will help to figure out how much ethyl alcohol is removed from the body. Removal rate is measured in hours.

Below is a table with data on other alcoholic beverages.

It is important to take into account the fact that the rate of alcohol in the body of women is reduced .

The above table defines the data for the male body. Therefore, to determine the time of removal of alcohol in women it is necessary to add 60 minutes to each value.

How much alcohol comes out in women

In females, the weathering of alcohol occurs over the following time:

  • beer (bottle) after 4.5 hours;
  • champagne (100 ml) – 3 hours;
  • Cognac (50 ml) – 7 hours;
  • wine (200 ml) – 9 hours;
  • vodka (100 ml) – 11 hours

As already mentioned, the weathering process also depends on the woman’s body weight, the quantity and quality of food she bites, on the stability of the liver and organs of the excretory system.

When weathering occurs in men

From the male body, various types of alcohol are derived during this period:

  • beer (bottle) – after 3 h;
  • champagne (bottle) – 7 hours;
  • Cognac (50 ml) – 4 hours;
  • vodka (100 ml) – 7 hours

How to speed up the elimination of alcohol

It is impossible to speed up the processing of alcohol by the liver with the help of drugs. However, you can affect its removal by the organs of the excretory system.

For this, experts recommend using the following methods:

  1. Drink plenty of fluids. To this end, you can drink mineral or ordinary water, tea with lemon, as well as juice from vegetables or fruits.
  2. Take any tool that belongs to the sorbents. It will help in this state Smekta, Enterosgel, activated carbon.
  3. Use diuretics, which have a diuretic effect, than accelerate the process of removing alcohol. Furosemide, Lasix, Trifas are suitable for this.

In addition, in order not to suffer from severe intoxication and hangover, you can take activated charcoal before drinking. When drinking alcohol, it is recommended to use ascorbic or a lot of citrus fruits (lemons, oranges or tangerines).

In order to get the alcohol out of the body more quickly, one should not lie down after taking it, but do physical exertion.

Being zealous, of course, is not allowed, so as not to negatively affect the cardiovascular system. However, moderate household work will only benefit and will stimulate the process of ethanol weathering.

No need to trust advertised means to get rid of a hangover . These drugs contribute only to alleviate the condition, relieve the smell, but do not reduce the time of the breakdown of alcohol in the blood.

In order to avoid problems and questions about the acceleration of the output of ethyl alcohol from the body, it is better not to drink alcohol at all.

The rate of its release from the blood depends on many factors. Therefore, it is important to take them into account when calculating it.

Various methods are used to speed up the elimination of alcohol. However, in each case, it all depends on the characteristics of the human body.
If there is no breathalyzer, and you don’t trust the testimony of alcohol calculators from the Internet, there is a simple table: “Time of alcohol withdrawal from blood” Having considered it, you can immediately determine the values you are interested in. In addition, you can find out how long the alcohol erodes in cases when you interfere with drinks, for this are examples. But the links on the subject:

There is a wide variety of tables by which you can find out how long ethyl alcohol leaves a human body. Their essence is the same. According to the initial data, that is, the amount of alcohol consumed, as well as the individual characteristics of the person himself is determined by the time of sobering. After all, the driver is very important to know when you can get behind the wheel after the “adoption on the chest.”

Simple alcohol calculator

For the most impatient, here’s a quick way to find out the alcohol withdrawal time without typing in any numbers on the keyboard.

The link is a clean version without text. (To return to the material, simply press the return button on the smartphone):

As a standard portion, the dosage for vodka is 50 grams, for port wine and brandy – 100 grams, a glass of wine – 200 grams, a mug of beer – 0.5 liters. Everything just moves the sliders to the desired values. They should correspond to your weight, amount of alcohol consumed and the type of drink (we focus on the bottle and label). In the absence of the required take analogue of the nearest fortress.

We press the result and get when you can be behind the wheel after vodka, brandy, port, wine, beer or their analogues. If desired, we specify the result according to the time table for the weathering of alcoholic beverages from the human body. The table allows you to calculate how much alcohol is held in humans in a more accurate way .

Alcohol: methods of testing in the body

alcohol in the blood: laboratory tests

Only 3 ways to determine how much ethyl alcohol is contained in the body are put into practice:

  • Respiratory check. The test is based on identifying the concentration of ethanol in the gas mixture that a person exhales from the lungs. The method is easy and fast. And modern devices breathalyzers, allow to obtain data with sufficient accuracy;
  • Detection and testing of alcohol in the urine. The easiest way. The data obtained is reliable. However, this requires adherence to the well-known rules of taking urine for research. This includes fast transportation and proper storage. Otherwise, the results are distorted;
  • Analysis of alcohol in the study of blood. Reliable and reliable technique. With one major drawback. Need vein puncture for blood sampling. The result still depends on the qualifications of the medical staff. But while observing the basic principles of the study, the error is minimal.

Although the generally accepted standard of alcohol varies by country and state, there is a general guideline. This is the natural level of ethyl alcohol in the body, which is less than 0.4 (ppm). Checks, regardless of the chosen testing methods, have proven this.

Excess of this level is regarded as a state of intoxication. Changes in the activity of the nervous system and the appearance of signs of intoxication begin to manifest themselves at concentrations of 0.5 in the blood.

Table 1. Time for the withdrawal of alcohol from the blood

Attention: The first column and the first row are reference points for you (weight and amount drunk). And all the figures that are lower and to the right in the table show the number of hours, how much alcohol in the blood keeps with the relevant water data. It is accepted that the strength of vodka is 40%, the strength of beer is 5%. Correction factors for other alcoholic beverages are lower.

How much does a person weigh, in kg50 ml. vodka /
0.5 liters. of beer
100 ml. vodka /
1 l. of beer
150 ml. vodka /
1.5 liters. of beer
200 ml of vodka /
2 liters. of beer
250 ml. vodka /
2.5 liters. of beer
Up to 59 kg3 hours7 hours10 h.13 hours16 hours
60-69 kg3 hours6 h.8 h.11 h.14 h.
70-79 kg2 hours5 hours7 hours9 h.12 h.
80-89 kg2 hours4 hours6 h.8 h.10 h.
90-99 kg2 hours4 hours6 h.7 hours9 h.
From 100 kg2 hours3 hours5 hours7 hours8 h.

 

Note: The rate of utilization of alcohol in the female body below, because the indications for the table for women should be added 1 hour.

How to use the table

Taking into account that the table most often has to be used is not quite in adequate condition (alcoholic intoxication or hangover), we give specific examples:

Example number 1.

Given: A man weighing 85 kg drank half a bottle of vodka. Question: How many hours will alcohol be taken out of the body and it will be possible for him to drive?

Algorithm:

  1. 85 kg is between 80-89, which corresponds to the 4th line in the table of the time alcohol leaves the body
  2. Half a bottle of vodka in physical terms is 0.5 / 2 = 0.25 l = 250 ml. What corresponds to the last column of the table
  3. At the interception of the fourth row and fifth column, we get the answer: You can get behind the wheel in 10 hours.

Answer: If a man weighing 85 kilograms drank half a bottle of vodka, then alcohol will remain in his blood 10 hours later.

Example number 2.

Given: A girl weighing 64 kg drank 3 small aluminum cans of beer. Question: How many hours do I have to wait, what when checking the breathalyzer showed “zero” ppm?

Algorithm:

  1. 64 kg is between 60-69, which corresponds to the 2nd line in the table of alcohol removal time from the blood.
  2. Three small cans of beer in physical terms is 0.33 * 3 = 0.99 l. That corresponds to the 2nd column of the table
  3. At the interception of the second row and the second column, we get the answer: Breathalyzer will not show anything after 6 hours (for a man). And for a girl / woman, according to the note, we add 1 hour, total we get 7 hours.

Answer: If a girl weighing 64 kilograms drank 3 small cans of beer (or 2 large aluminum cans), then ethyl alcohol from the drink will remain in her blood for up to 7 hours. Only then the testimony of the device for checking the alcohol content will be – 0.

Transition rates from strong alcohol to vodka (40%)

Table 2. The ratio of the transfer of consumed beverages in conditional vodka
Type of drinkAbsintheRumWhiskeyCognac / Tequila
Value1.751.51.251,125

Coefficients for the conversion of low-alcohol beverages to beer (5%)

Table 3. The ratio of the transfer of low-alcohol beverages in conditional beer
Type of drinkHearty kvassElStrong beerWineVermouth
Value0.240.721.62.43.6

Additionally, we will learn to determine how to translate any alcoholic beverage into a conditional one. How to find out your correction factor from any type of alcoholic beverage and how to use it? Everything is just an amendment is elementary. Example: in vodka 40% ethyl alcohol, in rum 60%. The conversion rate to vodka: 60/40 = 1.5. Going to an equivalent amount of vodka (and if 1.25 l. Brandy was drunk): 1 l. Roma = 1.5 l. vodka. And if 0.5 rum drank then how much is vodka? Also just 0.5 * 1.5 = 0.75 vodka equivalent.

In addition, we take not the most common drink, for example Tutovka from the North Caucasus. We look at the bottle, wow – 75%. We are looking for the ratio of “translation” to vodka (exact): 75/40 = 1,875. We drank, say, 100 grams (ml., IMHO). As a result, we get intoxication in the usual vodka like: 100 * 1.875 = 187.5 grams. We look at the table – the closest column (200 ml.), That is, the minimum time for removal of alcohol from the blood from such a dose of Tutovka is 7 hours, it will be more accurate if we compare it with your weight.

For beer the same thing can be considered similar. For example, we indulge in a cocktail from a can (0.5 l.), Look at the “turnovers” – say 10%. The correction factor for beer is looking for the exact themselves: 10/5 = 2. What it says is that 1 can of such an alcoholic cocktail will be equivalent to 2 cans of the same beer capacity with a “turnover” of 5%.

They drank 2 cans of this cocktail, and how long is it in beer and how long until full sobering up? We get: 2 * 2 = 4 jars equivalent, and in liters 4 * 0.5 = 2 l. (conditional beer with a strength of 5%). Looking at the table we see that complete sobering up is at least 7 hours, and for women it’s 8. Do you want to more precisely, correlate with your weight.

Gallery “Alcohol in the blood: output and consequences”

How accurate is all this?

The rate of removal of alcohol in the blood tables and alcohol calculators conditional and is determined theoretically. This is especially true. After all, the basis of the formulas are average patterns. Strictly sobering time, strictly speaking – individually. It changes from many factors, it somehow depends: on the level of metabolism, taken medications, state of health, and so on.

Therefore, it is not necessary to rely entirely on this table right away; first of all, common sense should be a guide to action. Although to learn tentatively, when you can get behind the wheel after a feast to have everyone.

Washed away the use of this table is to understand when a person will form and after how much time alcohol comes out of his blood.

Now, for the control of alcohol in the blood, they are guided primarily by the testimony of the breathalyzer, if the alcohol content measured by it shows strictly 0.16 mg per 1 liter of exhaled air and less can be driven. But we are still accustomed to take into account the alcohol content by blood, so for those to whom it is important to report how much it will be: 0.16 mg per 1 liter is 0.34 ppm.

How much alcohol will be held by a particular person depends not only on the strength and amount of alcohol consumed and the weight of the individual, but also on other factors. Most often, the pattern works: if a person gets drunk quickly, there will be a short time for alcohol to break up in the blood. However, using the table above, it will not be possible to add another hour to the value determined by it, so to speak, just in case of a fire case.

What to do?

There are ways to speed up the elimination of alcohol from the blood. People for these purposes, good helps charging and other physical activities (the better, the more active it is). If health permits – a bath or sauna, but in the mind – without further drinking. Vitamins will be useful: ascorbic acid, thiamine and various complexes of mineral substances. Almost every fresh fruit and vegetable contains a significant amount.

It is advisable to drink as many healthy liquids as possible, to exclude heavy foods, and to eat dietary foods – to help the liver, because this is the “factory of alcohol utilization in the body.” You can help the body if you breathe in fresh air, eliminate abundant sweets and smoking. So you can speed up the metabolism. However, quickly make sure that there is no ethyl alcohol in the body: there is not a ppm of alcohol left in the blood or in the exhale, use the breathalyzer. Therefore, it is this device that will allow you to be confident and not to wait too much.

Currently, in the Russian Federation, the permissible alcohol content in the blood is “0” (full zero) per thousand, but with the President’s amendments adopted in the fall of 2013 at an error of 0.3 per thousand, drivers are not punished.

Although conversations in the government and at the level of deputies were to raise the bar almost to the former “not zero ppm” and stay at the limit of 0.2-0.3. Now the permissible figure is almost 2 times less. Refusal he “zero ppm” was adopted, due to the fact that the driver may need medication, with an alcohol content, and the instruments have an error in determining.

The permissible rate in Russia has not changed for the 4th year. In 2017, the threshold value is still the same, less than 0.16 milligrams per liter of exhaled air. On the content in the blood unit and the value of another, namely, not more than 0.34 ppm.

However, it is absolutely wrong to compare, 0.01 ppm of ethanol found due to the use of the drug, and 1 ppm caused by taking a glass of another vodka. Finally, it was completed and approved by the president that the same penalties cannot be applied in both cases. What is remarkable are the chances that the head of state did not leave something to drive, except for kvass.

How long to wait for the check to show nothing

In the figure below, we clarified for you that, by and large, an extra hour solves all problems with zero ppm: there used to be 0.3 permissible rate, then everyone became known zero, now 1.6. The Izvestia experiment (crimson color — it was under Yeltsin; blue — has been in effect since autumn 2013) clearly shows that all these norms (if not added of course) are about an hour apart. That is why we ask you not to hurry and wait no more for an hour or two. Moreover, it can be done without too much difficulty.

The results of the experiment in the form of a table (specified): when it is possible to drive, in the light of changes in the limiting standard of alcohol content in the driver’s blood of September 1, 2013 (still in effect).

What determines the rate of absorption of alcohol?

The speed of assimilation of weak alcoholic beverages is much more than strong ones.

This is due to the fact that the use of strong alcoholic beverages is blocking the gastric valve. In this regard, there is a half-hour delay in the blood alcohol content.

If the ingestion of alcohol is accompanied by abundant food intake or the alcohol has been taken on a crowded stomach, the process of alcohol ingestion in the blood is delayed by another half an hour.

After the intake of alcoholic beverages in the blood, and especially after a binge, they are distributed throughout the body with the bloodstream and primarily enter the brain, thereby inhibiting normal mental activity. How many degrees are held in the blood is difficult to say for sure. This happens differently for everyone and depends on many factors, such as the characteristics of the human body, the weight of the person, the quality of alcohol consumed and its quantity, and much more.

When it is necessary, find out after what time alcohol comes out of the blood just remember how much was drunk. Calculate the clock using the table presented is not difficult. It is important to understand how to look after how many hours ethyl alcohol is utilized in the body.

There is a wide variety of tables by which you can find out how long ethyl alcohol leaves a human body. Their essence is the same according to the initial data, that is, the amount of alcohol consumed and the individual characteristics of the person himself is determined by the time of sobering up. After all, the driver is very important to know when you can get behind the wheel after the “adoption on the chest.”

Simple alcohol calculator

For the most impatient, here’s a quick way to find out the alcohol withdrawal time without typing any numbers on the keyboard (for mobile users, a link to the clean version without text, to return to the material, simply press the return button on your smartphone)

As a standard portion, the dosage for vodka is 50 grams, for port wine and brandy – 100 grams, a glass of wine – 200 grams, a mug of beer – 0.5 liters. Everything just moves the sliders to the required values, corresponding to your weight, the amount of alcohol consumed and the type of drink (we focus on the bottle and label), in the absence of the required we take the analogue of the nearest fortress. We press the result and get when you can be behind the wheel after vodka, brandy, port, wine, beer or their analogues. If desired, we specify the result according to the time table for the weathering of alcoholic beverages from the human body. The table allows you to calculate how much alcohol is held in humans in a more accurate way.

The result is the image for drinking "how much alcohol is kept in the blood"

Use advice: Alcohol withdrawal time: when to get behind the wheel

Table 1. Time for the withdrawal of alcohol from the blood

Attention: The first column and the first row are reference points for you (weight and amount drunk), and all the figures that are lower and to the right in the table show the number of hours, how much alcohol is stored in the blood with relevant water data. It is accepted that the strength of vodka is 40%, the strength of beer is 5%. Correction factors for other alcoholic beverages are lower.

How much does a person weigh, in kg

50 ml. vodka /
0.5 liters. of beer
100 ml. vodka /
1 l. of beer
150 ml. vodka /
1.5 liters. of beer
200 ml of vodka /
2 liters. of beer
250 ml. vodka /
2.5 liters. of beer
Up to 59 kg3 hours7 hours10 h.13 hours16 hours
60-69 kg3 hours6 h.8 h.11 h.14 h.
70-79 kg2 hours5 hours7 hours9 h.12 h.
80-89 kg2 hours4 hours6 h.8 h.10 h.
90-99 kg2 hours4 hours6 h.7 hours9 h.
From 100 kg2 hours3 hours5 hours7 hours8 h.

Note: The rate of utilization of alcohol in the female body below, because the indications for the table for women should be added 1 hour.

How to use the table

Taking into account that the table most often has to be used is not quite in an adequate state (alcoholic intoxication or hangover) give specific examples:

Example number 1.

Given: A man weighing 85 kg drank half a bottle of vodka. Question: How many hours will alcohol be taken out of the body and it will be possible for him to drive?

Algorithm:

  1. 85 kg is between 80-89, which corresponds to the 4th line in the table of the time alcohol leaves the body
  2. Half a bottle of vodka in physical terms is 0.5 / 2 = 0.25 l = 250 ml. What corresponds to the last column of the table
  3. At the interception of the fourth row and fifth column, we get the answer: You can get behind the wheel in 10 hours.

Answer: If a man weighing 85 kilograms drank half a bottle of vodka, then alcohol will remain in his blood 10 hours later.

Example number 2.

Given: A girl weighing 64 kg drank 3 small aluminum cans of beer. Question: How many hours do I have to wait, that when checking the breathalyzer showed “zero” ppm?

Algorithm:

  1. 64 kg is between 60-69, which corresponds to the 2nd line in the table of alcohol removal time from the blood.
  2. Three small cans of beer in physical terms is 0.33 * 3 = 0.99 l. That corresponds to the 2nd column of the table
  3. At the interception of the second row and the second column, we get the answer: Breathalyzer will not show anything after 6 hours (for a man). And for a girl / woman, according to the note, we add 1 hour, total we get 7 hours.

Answer: If a girl weighing 64 kilograms drank 3 small cans of beer (or 2 large aluminum cans), then ethyl alcohol from the drink will remain in her blood for up to 7 hours. Only then the testimony of the device for checking the alcohol content will be – 0.

Transition rates from strong alcohol to vodka (40%)

Table 2. Correction factors when converting consumed beverages to conditional vodka

Type of drinkAbsintheRumWhiskeyCognac / Tequila
Value1.751.51.251,125

Coefficients for the conversion of low-alcohol beverages to beer (5%)

Table 3. Correction factors when converting low-alcohol beverages to conditional beer

Type of drinkHearty kvassElStrong beerWineVermouth
Value0.240.721.62.43.6

How to find out your correction factor from any type of alcoholic beverage and how to use it? Everything is just an amendment is elementary. Example: in vodka 40% ethyl alcohol, in rum 60%. The conversion rate to vodka: 60/40 = 1.5. Going to an equivalent amount of vodka (and if 1.25 l. Brandy was drunk): 1 l. Roma = 1.5 l. vodka. And if 0.5 rum drank then how much is vodka? Also just 0.5 * 1.5 = 0.75 vodka equivalent.

Take not the most common drink, for example Tutovka from the North Caucasus. We look at the bottle, wow – 75%. We are looking for the ratio of “translation” to vodka (exact): 75/40 = 1,875. We drank, say, 100 grams (ml., IMHO). As a result, we get intoxication in the usual vodka like: 100 * 1.875 = 187.5 grams. We look at the table – the closest column (200 ml.), That is, the minimum time for removal of alcohol from the blood from such a dose of Tutovka is 7 hours, it will be more accurate if we compare it with your weight.

For beer considered the same. For example, we indulge in a cocktail from a can (0.5 l.), Look at the “turnovers” – say 10%. The correction factor for beer is looking for the exact themselves: 10/5 = 2. What it says is that 1 can of such an alcoholic cocktail will be equivalent to 2 cans of the same beer capacity with a “turnover” of 5%. They drank 2 cans of this cocktail, and how long is it in beer and how long until full sobering up? We get: 2 * 2 = 4 jars equivalent, and in liters 4 * 0.5 = 2 l. (conditional beer with a strength of 5%). Looking at the table we see that complete sobering up is at least 7 hours, and for women it’s 8. Do you want to more precisely, correlate with your weight.

How accurate is all this?

The rate of removal of alcohol in the blood tables and alcohol calculators conditional and is determined theoretically. After all, the basis of the formulas are average patterns. Strictly sobering time, strictly speaking – individually. It changes from many factors, it somehow depends: on the level of metabolism, taken medications, state of health, and so on. Therefore, it is not necessary to rely entirely on this table right away; first of all, common sense should be a guide to action. Although to learn tentatively, when you can get behind the wheel after a feast to have everyone.

Washed away the use of this table is to understand when a person will form and after how much time alcohol comes out of his blood.

Now, for the control of alcohol in the blood, they are guided primarily by the testimony of the breathalyzer, if the alcohol content measured by it shows strictly 0.16 mg per 1 liter of exhaled air and less can be driven. But we are still accustomed to take into account the alcohol content by blood, so for those to whom it is important to report how much it will be: 0.16 mg per 1 liter is 0.34 ppm.

How much alcohol will be held by a particular person depends not only on the strength and amount of alcohol consumed and the weight of the individual, but also on other factors. Most often, the pattern works: if a person gets drunk quickly, there will be a short time for alcohol to break up in the blood. However, using the table above, it will not be possible to add another hour to the value determined by it, so to speak, just in case of a fire case.

Corinth consult: Yak correctly polіtsієyu is guilty perevіryatsya water on live alcohol

What to do?

There are ways to speed up the elimination of alcohol from the blood. People for these purposes, good helps charging and other physical activities (the better, the more active it is). If health permits – a bath or sauna, but in the mind – without further drinking. Will be useful: vitamins: ascorbic acid, thiamine and various complexes of minerals.

It is advisable to drink as many healthy liquids as possible, to exclude heavy foods, and to eat dietary foods – to help the liver, because this is the “factory of alcohol utilization in the body.” You can help the body if you breathe in fresh air, eliminate abundant sweets and smoking. So you can speed up the metabolism. However, quickly make sure that there is no ethyl alcohol in the body: there is not a ppm of alcohol left in the blood or in the exhale, use the breathalyzer. This device will allow you to be confident and not wait for too much.

Currently, in the Russian Federation, the permissible alcohol content in the blood is “0” (full zero) per thousand, but taking into account the president’s amendments adopted in autumn 2013 with an error of 0.3 per thousand, drivers are not punished

Although conversations in the government and at the level of deputies were to raise the bar almost to the former “not zero ppm” and stay at the limit of 0.2-0.3. Now the permissible figure is almost 2 times less. Refusal he “zero ppm” was adopted, due to the fact that the driver may need medication, with an alcohol content, and the instruments have an error in determining.

However, it is absolutely wrong to compare, 0.01 ppm of ethanol found due to the use of the drug, and 1 ppm caused by taking a glass of another vodka. Finally, it was completed and approved by the president that the same penalties cannot be applied in both cases. Although the head of the country did not leave chances to use the wheel, except for kvass.

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How much does alcohol

Weathering due to a variety of indicators. An important factor is health, as well as the weight of a person, the bigger he is, the less alcohol concentration will be. With a small weight a person gets drunk faster, respectively, it takes more time to get alcohol out. No less important is the sexual factor, because the deliverance of the female body from alcoholic products is 20% longer than the male. Of course, the number of drinks also plays a role. Large doses of alcohol longer excreted from the body.

The kind of alcohol and its strength also matters. For example, vodka is kept in the body for much longer than wine or beer. The functionality of the internal organs also affects the time spent by the alcohol in the body. Why? Because almost all alcohol is processed by the liver and only a small part of it goes to the excretory system. Therefore, it is difficult to say how many days alcohol is held in a particular organism. After all, one person has all the organs functioning normally, while another may have liver problems that he does not know about. It means that removing the same amount of alcohol from them will take a different period of time.

In men

In the male body, the duration of stay of alcohol is as follows:

  • when making glasses of brandy (50 ml), alcohol will be removed for about 4 hours, if a man drank a bottle, then alcohol will be out for about a day;
  • drunk a bottle of beer displayed about 3 hours;
  • how long does alcohol in blood last after vodka? After drinking 100 grams of the drink, the withdrawal of alcohol from the body will last about 5-7 hours, with large volumes of alcohol consumed, the duration of withdrawal is about 11-19 hours;
  • half a liter of champagne will leave the body in 6-7 hours.

Among women

But how much alcohol keeps in the female body:

In the female body, alcohol lasts about 20% longer than in the male body.

  • 100 ml of vodka displayed about 7-11 hours;
  • a similar amount of champagne will go out for at least 2 hours;
  • 50 ml of cognac weathered for 7 hours;
  • 200 ml of wine will be bred after 9 hours;
  • if a woman drinks a bottle of beer, the alcohol will be 4-5 hours.

An interesting fact is that if a person takes a blood and urine test for alcohol, they are likely to show different results.

How much does alcohol in the blood

Alcohol has some unique features. For example, hydrophilicity. This property is explained by the fact that the highest concentration of alcohol will accumulate in an environment with a maximum water content. For example, there will be more alcohol in the plasma than in whole blood. Depends on the level of alcohol and the stage of alcohol exposure. There are 3 of them:

  1. absorption – starts from the moment of receiving a portion of alcohol and lasts until the maximum alcoholic level in the blood is reached;
  2. excretion — the period lasts 8–12 hours, at which time ethanol is actively eliminated through feces, urine, and exhaled air, this explains the smell of alcohol from the mouth, which persists throughout the excretion phase;
  3. oxidation – at this stage there is a decrease in the concentration of alcohol, because ethanol begins to oxidize.

The average duration of ethanol in the blood is shown in the table:

Name of drink / concentration of drinkHuman weightAlcohol removal time
100 gr.300 gr.500 gr.
Low alcohol drinks (beer, beermix, etc.) 4%up to 60 kg.about 40 minutesabout 2 hours3.5 – 4 hours
60-80 kg.about 30 minutesfrom 1.5 – 2 hoursfrom 2 to 3 hours
80-100 kg.and morefrom 20-30 minutesabout an hourabout 2 hours
Wine, gin and tonic, champagne, etc. from 9% – 11%up to 60 kg.more than 1.5 hours4 – 5 hours7 – 8 hours
60-80 kg.about an hour3 – 4 hours5 – 7 hours
80-100 kg.and morefrom 50 min.up to 1 hourfrom 2.5 to 3.5 hoursfrom 5 – 6 hours
Liqueurs and tinctures 24% – 30%up to 60 kg.from 3.5 to 4.5 hours10 – 13 hours17 – 20 hours
60-80 kg.from 2.5 to 3.5 hours9 – 12 hours16 – 18 hours
80-100 kg.and more2 – 3 hours7 – 8 hours10 – 13 hours
Vodka, cognac 40% – 42%up to 60 kg.more than 5 – 6 hoursabout 18-20 hours29-30 hours
60-80 kg.4-6 hours13 – 16 o’clockabout a day
80-100 kg.and more3 – 4 hours10 – 12 o’clock18 – 22 hours

This data telling how to determine alcohol in the blood is indicative, and may differ slightly in each individual case.

How much does alcohol in the urine

The alcohol content in the urine depends on the amount of fluid you drink in addition to alcohol, as well as on the age of going to the toilet. When the intoxicating state begins to pass through the analysis of blood, ethanol may be absent, and laboratory urine tests will quickly detect it. In general, after drinking alcohol, at least 5 hours of ethanol is in the body, and then begins to decompose.

When ingested, many chemical processes occur before ethanol is completely eliminated. When the alcohol begins to decompose, the formation of acetaldehyde occurs, which itself then turns into acetic acid. These processes are regulated by special enzymes – alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. It is on the enzymatic activity of these substances depends on the time of release of alcohol.

The intoxicating state is observed in humans until ethanol is destroyed to acetaldehyde. Then comes the state of withdrawal symptoms (or hangovers), which lasts until conversion to acetic acid. Such processes can last a couple of hours or several days. Therefore, each urine test may show different results.

What determines the rate of removal of alcohol from the body

Duration of alcohol is caused by many factors. The rate of purification from alcohol depends on the composition of the blood. The average decline in blood ethanol per hour is about 0.2 ppm. In general, the blood alcohol content depends on the patient’s weight – the lower the weight, the greater the concentration. As for exhaled air, the ethanol content in it decreases by about 0.1 mg / l per hour.

An important factor affecting the rate of assimilation, and, therefore, the output of ethanol is food. If a person has thoroughly eaten when drinking alcohol, then alcohol in the blood will be determined later than that of the person who drank on an empty stomach, because the absorption of alcohol in such a situation slows down.

How to speed up the output of ethanol

It is practically impossible to affect the processing of alcohol by the liver, but it is quite within the power of speeding up the process of getting rid of it with the help of an elimination system. To get alcoholic products to leave the body more quickly, you need to resort to several tricks:

  1. take a diuretic drug like Lasix, Furosemide or Trifas. These drugs will speed up the withdrawal due to the diuretic effect;
  2. need to move, do not lie in bed, quietly perebolevaya hangover. Take care of household chores, take a walk with the dog, vacuum out or wash the dishes, most importantly, do not overdo it, excessive activity can harm;
  3. No matter how much alcohol is in your body, drink more fluids. Suitable for drinking mineral water, lemon tea, various vegetable juices, regular drinking water;
  4. take a walk. Fresh air will invigorate and accelerate the output of ethanol;
  5. take a drug from the group of sorbents, for example, activated carbon, Enterosgel or Smektu;
  6. take a cool shower, but not a hot one; such a procedure will visibly ease the condition;
  7. before the intended celebration is recommended to eat tight, and in the process of the feast often get up for a dance or a short walk;
  8. during the feast and after it, eat citrus fruits or drink a few tablets of ascorbic acid.

There are many contradictions about the bath. Such a procedure can help with relatively strong heart health, if there are cardiovascular problems, then it is recommended to refuse bath procedures.

How to understand that you are already sober

A person becomes sober when a hangover occurs, but ethanol is still present in the body, excreted in the form of a fume, circulates through the blood and is excreted in the urine. Therefore, the full sobering comes when all the symptoms of withdrawal symptoms disappear. Only then can a person be considered sober and, for example, can drive a car.

It is not always possible to trust the alcohol testers of state inspectors and narcologists, showing that a person is drunk, because at times alcohol in exhaled air can be determined in a person suffering from gastrointestinal tract or oral cavity pathologies or after drinking kvass or kefir. But as a rule, these readings are not so great to diagnose alcohol intoxication.

Minor doses of alcohol are present in the composition of toothpastes, mouth rinses and sprays for fresh breath. Therefore, if you did not drink alcohol, and the breathalyzer found something – ask for a blood test. If the fact of drinking is still there, then you should not get behind the wheel before the deadlines indicated above.

You should not hope for Antipolice and other advertising tools – they do not remove ethanol, but only make you feel better when you hang over and mask the smell of alcohol from your mouth. If you do not want to experience the natural consequences of taking alcoholic beverages in the morning – do not get carried away by them the day before.