How to remove barbiturates from the body should be fully known not only to those who received poisoning with these drugs but also to those who are forced to take them according to medical instructions.
Barbiturates – a group of drugs, derivatives of barbituric acid, psychotropic and anticonvulsants, which suppress the nervous system and are prescribed as anticonvulsants, sedatives, hypnotics. Depending on the size of the dose, the drugs provide an effect ranging from mild sedation to anesthesia.
They are used for epilepsy, trochaic, insomnia, some nervous diseases. Now barbiturates are used sparingly and, if possible, are replaced by other drugs of similar action due to the high risk of overdose, intoxication or addiction, up to drug addiction. In the pharmacy, most of these tools are sold strictly by prescription.
Poisoning and overdose
Most often, barbiturate poisoning occurs due to an overdose of these drugs. It is possible in such cases:
- Intentionally taking a large dose at once (suicide attempt);
- Due to an unauthorized increase in dose or duration of administration for a greater therapeutic effect (when the patient feels that the drug helps him insufficiently);
- For the sake of a narcotic high (in 80% of cases it is fatal).
In rare cases, intoxication may occur due to the use of expired or incorrectly stored drugs. Also, poisoning is possible not only with strong preparations of the barbituric group, which are sold strictly according to prescription.
Withdrawal of barbiturates is often necessary after taking Corvalol, Andipal, Sedalgino-neo or Valocordin. These drugs are sold freely but contain Phenobarbital in their composition.
Acute poisoning with barbiturates leads to coma, impaired respiratory function, and death. Also, the work of the cardiovascular system is confused:
- reduced vascular tone
- myocardial contractility deteriorates
- venous and arterial pressure drops.
As a result of cardiac abnormalities, the following symptoms develop: hypoxia occurs, body temperature decreases, the amount of urine output decreases to a critical level.
Overdose and poisoning with barbiturates always entail serious consequences in the form of mental disorders, pulmonary edema or brain. If the poisoned person is forced to remain immobile for a long time after the poisoning without proper care, this will lead to the appearance of bedsores.
Poisoning is divided into stages: falling asleep, superficial and deep coma. The latter often becomes the cause of death poisoned.
The lethal dose of barbiturates is very small. For example, an adult needs only 2–10 g of phenobarbital, after which it is almost impossible to save the victim.
How Long Do Barbiturates Stay in Your System?
Urine: Two to four days
Blood: One to two days
Hair: Up to 90 days
Barbiturates can remain in the urine from several days to 2-3 weeks, depending on the barbiturate used. In your case, since you used phenobarbital, it refers to those that last longer. It also depends on the dose you are taking.
Barbiturates are not tested in standard drug tests. However, this is found in advanced drug tests, that is, if they specifically test it.
If you take phenobarb because it is prescribed to you, you need to present a prescription to justify a positive result. But if not, then you can always get a second test for confirmation.
How are long barbiturates displayed?
It is useless to look for quick ways to remove barbiturates from the body. The duration of this process will never be the same for everyone. Breeding time always depends on some factors:
- the amount of the dose
- reception duration
- human body mass
- how well the kidneys function (since barbiturates are mainly excreted in the urine)
- a rate of metabolic processes in the body.
On average, the half-life of these drugs may take 2.5-4 days. Completely remove barbiturates from the body no earlier than 4 to 8 days, but again, depending on the listed factors affecting the rate of excretion.
Also, how fast barbiturates can be derived is affected by the speed of medical care. If the team was called immediately, and the doctors immediately began carrying out activities that cleanse the body of excess drugs, the process of their removal will be easier. However, it will take time to remove drugs not only from the stomach and intestines but also from the blood and urine.
How to output barbiturates?
Since barbiturates are strong psychotropic drugs, it is impossible to do without special medicines for poisoning.
Arriving at the hospital after poisoning, the poisoned person will receive the first medical aid always provided for intoxication: gastric lavage with a special probe, sorbents, laxative, etc.
But in the case of barbiturates, this is not enough. Therefore the patient will be prescribed procedures and preparations for their elimination and for restoring the body after suffering stress.
- I am washing the stomach with a solution of sodium bicarbonate, potassium permanganate or a suspension of activated carbon using a probe.
- Sodium thiosulfate as an antidote (there is no specific antidote to barbiturates, therefore, use this drug to bind poisons in the intestine and exert a laxative effect with the subsequent elimination of psychotropic out).
- Diuretic drugs for forcing diuresis (they are given to patients to drink in mind, otherwise the drugs are administered intravenously).
- For more rapid elimination – intravenously, subcutaneously, or with an enema of 3-4 liters of 5–10% glucose solution or sodium chloride.
In severe poisoning – hemodialysis. In case of poisoning and an overdose of barbiturates, symptomatic treatment is carried out based on the patient’s condition, when the action of certain drugs is aimed at normalizing the work of certain organs.
However, sodium thiosulfate as an antidote and diuretic agents are necessary for the body to flush the body and purify it from psychotropic drugs.
Derivation by folk methods
Since barbiturates are actively excreted in the urine, it is necessary to select methods of treatment that would help in this direction.
How to remove barbiturates using folk diuretics:
- Bearberry leaves (ear of a bear) – 3 parts, cornflower flowers – 1 part and licorice root – 1 part. The ingredients are mixed, one tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, insist, cool and strain. Drink this herbal diuretic tea should be 3-4 times a day and 1 tablespoon.
- Lingonberry leaf (20 g) pour a glass of boiling water and insist. Drink a tablespoon three times a day.
- Rosehip (3 tbsp. Dry fruits) pour a liter of boiling water. Infuse for 12 hours and drink before meals 3 times a day.
- Dill seeds – 1 tsp. Pour a glass of boiling water, insist for 20 minutes and drink 2 tables, three times a day.
Helping the body to remove Phenobarbital and other barbiturates at home should be careful. Most of the recipes have their contraindications, so before you start taking it is better to discuss the feasibility of this with your doctor.
How to remove barbiturates from urine?
Check whether barbiturate drugs in the urine, it is possible special tests. If they turn out to be positive, it is urgent to begin the excretion of psychotropics.
It is possible to completely remove barbiturates from the urine, but this will happen not earlier than in 4–7 days. But much will depend on the duration of psychotropic drugs and their dose. For the rapid removal, the patient should drink more and receive diuretics orally or by other means:
- osmotic diuretic Mannitol 5–10% intravenously at 200–500 ml for several hours;
- saline (when unconscious, intravenous, 2–3 l per day);
- glucose, sodium chloride intravenously.
In addition to medical methods, you can use folk remedies, but only with the permission of the doctor.