Can Birth Control Cause Vaginal Dryness?

The dryness of the vagina on tablets is one of the most common side effects of contraception. The reason for the significant reduction in humidity is contained in estrogen tablets.

Dryness of the vagina after discontinuation of tablets results from the fact that the body has not yet managed to return to full hormonal balance. A way to moisturize the genital tract may be the use of appropriate intimate hygiene fluids or over the vaginal globules.

Vaginal dryness and contraception

Vaginal dryness is one of the most common ailments complained of by women taking birth control pills. With the weight gain associated with contraception, you can quickly deal with, for example, caring for a proper diet and regular physical exercise. Unfortunately, in the case of vaginal dryness, there are not many possibilities to act casually.

Vaginal dryness associated with hormonal contraception results from the systemic action of exogenous hormones (taken from the outside). These hormones – estrogens and progesterone – work not an only contraceptive.

By inhibiting the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axes, they lead to the discontinuation of hormonal production of the ovaries. It is the changing level of sex hormones that corresponds to for changing cervical mucus, but also moisturizing the vagina.

In the first half of the cycle, right after menstruation – until ovulation, the amount of mucus gradually increases, it becomes transparent and extensible. During this time, the ovaries produce estrogens and progesterone in gradually increasing amounts. In the second half of the cycle, the number of mucus decreases; it becomes dense and poorly permeable to sperm.

Dryness of the vagina after tablets – causes

When taking contraceptive pills, the hormone levels in the body are constant because each pill contains the same amount of hormones. After 21 days, the tablets are discontinued, and a 7-day break occurs in which withdrawal bleeding occurs. Of course, we’re talking about the most popular tablets – two-component single-phase tablets.

It is the constant level of hormones that are responsible for the lack of changes in the amount and consistency of mucus. It is the reason for the vaginal dryness of the tablets. Contraception inhibits ovulation, so there is no typical peri-ovulation mucus – stretchy, abundant. The mucus found in women using contraception is similar to mucus from the second half of the cycle. It is not enough. Hence the vaginal discharge is scarce; sometimes it is not at all.

Also, the lack of fluctuations in hormone levels causes the epithelial lining in the vagina to become atrophic, and the glands located in the vaginal vestibule do not give off too many moisturizing substances. Therefore, dryness of the vagina after contraception resembles the changes occurring during menopause.

It is worth noting that vaginal dryness may last a few months after discontinuation of contraception and restoration of hormonal balance and ovulation.

Other causes of vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness can result from many other reasons, so it is worth considering whether unpleasant ailments do not involve other causes. Vaginal dryness can also cause:

  • lack of sufficient excitement, desire for sex,
  • too fast penetration (no so-called foreplay),
  • taking many other medicines, e.g., antihistamines,
  • menopause (a result of vaginal atrophy, or disappearance of the vaginal mucosa),
  • pregnancy and breast-feeding,
  • premature expiration of ovarian function,
  • chronic stress,
  • infections,
  • taking marijuana.

Vaginal dryness on contraceptive pills – how can you help yourself?

What are the ways to dry vaginal tablets? The protective effect on vaginal dryness cannot be eliminated entirely, but there are ways to reduce unpleasant symptoms:

  • use intimate hygiene lotions for intimate care,
  • use moisturizing gels for daily care (after bathing),
  • to supplement oral gynecological probiotics,
  • use lubricants before intercourse (in some women they may be the cause of itching of the vagina and labia ),
  • during sex, take care of the atmosphere conducive to the excitement and sufficiently long foreplay,
  • in the absence of the effect of the above methods, it is worth trying to change the type of hormonal contraception, e.g., for two- or three-phase preparations, better imitating the natural sex cycle of a woman.

Some studies show that hormonal vaginal discs not only do not reduce but even increase the amount of mucus – perhaps this is due to the irritation of the vagina through the disc.

Vaginal globules – for dry vagina after discontinuation of tablets

Home treatment of vaginal dryness, resulting from the discontinuation of contraception, can be supported by using non-prescription globules. Means of this type are recommended not only to women struggling with insufficient hydration of genital tracts as a result of tablet use but also in perimenopausal or after gynecological procedures.

Good quality vaginal globules should be multidirectional. Their task is not only to restore the proper moisture but also to regenerate the dystrophically changed mucosa, restore the normal pH of the vagina, eliminate discomfort and pain during intercourse.

Such funds should include, among others, lactic acid, indispensable in the prevention of intimate infection – as a result of micro-injuries, which are much more common with insufficient hydration of the vagina, the risk of pathogenic infections with bacteria and fungi increases significantly.

Moisturizing properties are characterized by hyaluronic acid, which is responsible not only for moisture but also for the proper viscosity of the secretion. Moisturizing and soothing also works aloe butter.

Unless otherwise advised by a doctor, these types of globules are used overnight for a week. One globule every 2-3 days can be supported.