The United States Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was diagnosed in 5% of children aged 3 to 17 years. ADHD does not apply only to children. According to the Association of anxiety and depression in America, about 60% of children with ADHD will still have symptoms as adults. People with ADHD have difficulty concentrating and controlling their impulses. They can be restless and excitable.
Doctors often prescribe stimulant medications for people with ADHD. Two common options are Adderall and Ritalin, which can help people concentrate and focus on completing tasks and reduce impulsive behavior, which is another hallmark of ADHD.
Adderall and Ritalin work in a similar way for the treatment of ADHD. also, have the same side effects, but have important differences between both drugs.
Both Adderall and Ritalin are the Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. They work by increasing the availability of norepinephrine and dopamine neurotransmitters in your CNS connections. It speeds up the brain.
Ritalin works earlier and achieves maximum performance faster than Adderall does. However, Adderall remains active in your body longer than Ritalin does. Adderall runs for four to six hours. Ritalin is only active for two to three hours.
This doesn’t necessarily mean Adderall is the best choice. Some people prefer the shorter action of Ritalin because they can better control the time of side effects such as loss of appetite and sleep problems.
Cost and availability center, availability and insurance
Adderall and Ritalin are proprietary drugs that are also available as generic drugs. Common forms tend to cost less than branded versions.
In General, Adderall and Ritalin are about the same. The amount you pay for medicines will depend on your health insurance plan. Some health insurance plans cover only generic versions of drugs. If you are unsure, you can call your insurance provider to find out the specifics of your plan.
Adderall and Ritalin are usually available in most pharmacies. However, these drugs may be in short supply, so they may not be available at all times. Call the pharmacy in advance to see if your medicine is available.
Because both drugs work the same way, these drugs cause similar side effects.
Common side effects for both Adderall and Ritalin include:
• sleeping problem
• loss of appetite
• dry mouth
• increased heart rate
• a headache
Serious side effects shared by both drugs may include:
• heart rate problems
• psychosis, which can cause you to see things that are not real, or feel bugs being scanned on your skin
• slow growth in children
These two drugs can cause effects in people with certain diseases. People with certain health problems may need to avoid taking these drugs. The table below lists the medical conditions you should discuss with your doctor before taking Adderall or Ritalin.
Both drugs-drugs category C pregnancy category. This means that studies on animal drugs have shown side effects on the fetus. But there wasn’t enough research done in humans to make the results convincing.
Adderall can go into breast milk, which means the drug can go to your baby when you are breastfeeding. Some studies show that Ritalin can also pass from mother to child through breast milk. These drugs can cause side effects in your child. Talk to your doctor if you take Adderall or Ritalin. For your child’s safety, you may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking medication.
Adderall and Ritalin interact with some other drugs. Make sure you tell your doctor about all the prescriptions and over-the-counter medications, supplements, and herbs you are taking. This way, your doctor can monitor the interaction with medicines.
The table below provides examples of drugs that may interact with Adderall or Ritalin.
According to a survey of studies covering 40 years, stimulant drugs are effective in treating 70 to 80 percent of children and adults with ADHD. The General recommendation is that if one of these drugs doesn’t work for you, you should try the other. With that said, there are some minor differences between the two drugs, such as how fast and how long they work in your body. Work with your doctor to find the best drug for your ADHD.